Sexual abuse is any sexual act or threat to a child or young person that causes them harm, or to be frightened or fearful.

It covers non-contact forms of harm, such as flashing, having a child or young person pose or perform in a sexual manner, exposure to sexually explicit material or acts (including pornographic material) and a communication of graphic sexual matters (including by email and SMS).

Contact forms of harm can include kissing, touching or fondling the child or young person in a sexual manner.